New York: The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), an independent, UN-backed body, is calling on governments to do more to regulate social media platforms that “glamourise drug-related negative behaviour” and boost sales of controlled substances.
In its annual report released on Thursday, the INCB notes increasing evidence of a link between exposure to social media and drug addiction, which disproportionately affects young people, the main users of social media platforms, and an age group with relatively high rates of drug abuse. The report also calls on the private sector to moderate and self-regulate their platforms and limit the advertisement and promotion of the non-medical use of drugs.
As well as social media platforms, criminals are exploiting many other digital tools, such as digital currencies, mobile payments and e-wallet services, which make the international transfer of funds easier and faster, and allow them to hide the origins of illegal funds and maximise profits.
Societies undermined by drug addiction
Organised crime rings continue to rake in millions of dollars from drug trafficking, warns the INCB report, with negative consequences for societies and economic development, ranging from corruption and bribery, to increased organised crime, violence, poverty, and inequality.
To counter the negative effects and human cost of drug addiction, the organisation recommends that governments address all stages of drug trafficking – from production and cultivation to sale and concealment of illegal profits – and share intelligence on organised crime at an international level.
“INCB considered illicit financial flows worthy of special attention and scrutiny, because drug trafficking is a highly lucrative industry for organised criminal groups”, said INCB president Jagjit Pavadia. “These groups rely on illicit financial flows to expand and sustain their criminal activities.”
Developing countries hit hardest
These flows divert resources away from initiatives to reduce poverty and promote social and economic development, which is having a disproportionate effect on developing countries, where there is the greatest need for funds to promote economic growth and reduce inequality.
In African countries, for example, the cost of organised crime is especially high: an estimated USD 88.6 billion (Rs 68 lakh crore), roughly 3.7 per cent of the continent’s gross domestic product – and nearly the same amount as the combined annual inflows of official development assistance and foreign direct investment – is lost to illicit financial flows every year.
This results in a drain on public resources and undermines efforts to mobilise funds for development.
Wholesale cannabis legalization ‘contravenes drug conventions’
The decriminalisation and de-penalisation of cannabis in many countries is flagged by the INCB as a cause for concern, with Pavadia insisting that “the legalization of the non-medical use of cannabis contravenes the drug control conventions”.
In the report, the Narcotics Board highlights the need for a collective understanding of the concepts of legalisation, decriminalisation, and de-penalisation in line with the drug control conventions, and emphasises the importance of a balanced and proportionate response to drug addiction related offences as a guiding principle in criminal justice matters, with respect for human rights and public welfare.
Criminals continue to have easy and legal access to precursors, the chemicals needed to make illicit drugs. The INCB urges improved controls and regulations governing the sale of precursors, citing a survey the organization conducted in 2021, which showed significant shortcomings in controls over the domestic manufacture, trade and distribution of the chemicals.
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